Heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathy) and congenital abnormalities (problems in the development of the heart and blood vessels which are present from birth) are two problems that can damage the heart muscle or valves.
When the heart muscle is too weak to effectively pump blood through the body, heart failure, or cardiomyopathy, sets in. Early diagnosis and treatment can stop or slow down the worsening of heart failure.
Heart valve problems can be inherited or develop on their own, affecting the heart's ability to push blood efficiently from chamber to chamber, and out to the rest of the body. Medication, surgery, and the placement of new valves using catheters (thin tubes placed in the vessels and heart) are treatment options.